MathML: Tutorials for Accessible Math Markup

Mathematics background with formulas

In order to create semantically accurate math equations that are accessible to all, check out MathML, the markup language that provides semantic understanding and proper syntax to assistive technologies like screen readers.

Why Not Use an Image With Alt Text?

According to info included in Princeton University's MathML for Accessible Math Markup Tutorial, there is a good reason not to use images to display math equations:

"Whereas an alternative text description on an image of a math equation is better than nothing, it still a violation of Success Criterion 1.4.5 Images of Text. Presenting an equation as an image denies the ability of the non-sighted user to derive the understanding through semantics in an equivalent fashion to a sighted user."

MathML Tutorials

W3C MathML Guide
Mozilla Guide to MathML
Princeton University's MathML for Accessible Math Markup Tutorial
Daniel Scully's Beginner's Guide to MathML
The Connexions Guide to MathML.


WEBSITE ACCESSIBILITY TESTING & REMEDIATION SERVICES: Mary Gillen can test your website to determine if it meets accessibility standards:

WCAG 2.0: 110 checkpoints covering A, AA and AAA W3 accessibility guidelines
Section 508: 15 US federal guidelines covered by 47 accessibility checkpoints

Find out more about Mary Gillen's Accessibility Testing and Remediation Services